If you are planning to build a house or a Repair, you should know that building foundation is most important part of your project. The foundation will carry the entire load of the overlying structure and it needs to be strong enough to easily withstand the desired load. The foundation is designed to safely distribute the overlying load and to prevent the spreading of subsoil which could lead to unequal settlement and structural issues. Any mistakes in design or execution of the foundation can prove to be extremely costly at a later date. Therefore, it is important to double check all the measurements before you begin. Also, be prepared for any surprises during the excavation.
There are many types of foundation systems in use today depending on the soil types and budget among other things. If this is your first time building a foundation, you should research the different types of foundation systems in use these days and choose one that suits your requirements. You will need certain materials to start laying out the building foundation. In most cases, you will need a polythene membrane, a mesh reinforcement for concrete in the foundation, metal pins for use as markers and certain other things.
The first step in laying a foundation in to mark a level point. This is known as datum point. This is the reference point as all the measurements are made relative to this particular point. It helps in ensuring accurate measurements and avoiding errors. Once you have marked the reference point, it is now time to figure out how much material you will need to be remove from the foundation site. After calculating the material that needs to be excavated, it is now time to mark out the lines for the foundation. You should begin by marking out lines for the walls. One of the ways is to use timber hurdles at each end of the wall and you can then wrap around the string lines on these timber hurdles in order to mark out the wall faces of the building.
In a similar manner, mark the corners and all the other lines. Once all the markings have been made, you will need to call in a digger in order to dig the trenches up to the desired depth. It is important to hire the services of an experienced digger to ensure proper digging. The site level needs to be properly set to the measured depth. Once the trenches have been dug, it is now time to pour in the concrete.
You have multiple options for concrete pouring. You can utilize the services of manual labor with wheelbarrows to pour in the concrete in the foundation trenches. Another option is to utilize a concrete pump in order to ensure quick pumping. In most cases, utilizing a concrete pump is more economical as compared to manual labor. Also, utilizing a concrete pump is easier, more accurate and saves a lot of time.
It is recommended to hire the services of a structural engineer in order to ensure that your building foundation is strong and is capable of withstanding the desired load. There are a number of experienced building foundation contractors available at an affordable price. These contractors have a lot of experience in laying different kinds of foundations, and they can help you with the foundation.
They will ensure that the foundation is built as per the established standards and there are absolutely no issues at a later date. Do not forget that a water leakages in foundations is not so uncommon and an experienced contractors will ensure that no such thing happens with your building foundation. So, do your research and hire an experienced contractor to ensure a stable and strong foundation for your building.